Date of Award


Document Type



Psychology, Criminal Justice and Sociology


This study examined whether or not people of high versus low trait stress react differently to the induction of state stress or pleasure. It consisted of 66 undergraduate students from Messiah College (44 females, 22 males) who first completed a trait stress survey, then experienced either stress or pleasure induction, by means of spending 5 min recalling personal stressful or pleasant memories, respectively. Next, participants completed a state stress questionnaire. Results suggested that those who identify with high trait stress likewise reflect high state stress compared to those with low trait stress. This finding appears to be generalizable outside the college population, and future research should aim to increase the power of the stress and pleasure inductions in an attempt to find further significance.