Sarah Long

Date of Award

Spring 5-16-2019

Document Type


Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts (BA)


Politics and International Relations


Through no fault of her own, Joanne was born in Town A. Through no doing of his own, Charles was born in Town B. In Town A, Joanne and 89.7% of her fellow classmates receive free or reduced meals. Being eligible for free lunches means that a family’s income must be less than 130% of the Federal Poverty Level (FPL) ($24,817 for a family of three in 2012). To be eligible for reduced lunch, a child’s family would have to have an income between 130% and 185% ($35,317 for a family of three in 2012) of FPL. However, across one bridge and 8 minutes down the road, only 12.4% of Charles’ classmates are qualified to receive free or reduced meals. In Joanne’s school, there was a dropout rate of 4.5% (105 students) while Charles and his classmates only lost 0.48% (3 students) of their class to dropping out.2