Erika Hufford

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Bachelor of Science (BS)




This literature review explores the progression and development of math skills in students up to the third grade level. There is much research available about the required skills, teaching strategies for these skills, and what skills are vital building blocks for later math development. This paper is a review of the available research with a focus on ten vital skills that are necessary for students to have by the end of grade three. These skills are among the most important building blocks and, also, ones that are considered the weakest in terms of the level of understanding most students obtain through typical instruction. The research suggests that these skills should be a primary focus for third grade teachers and that intervention might be necessary if students lack these skills.