Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science in Nursing (MSN)


Nursing (Graduate)

First Advisor

Louann B. Zinsmeister

Second Advisor

Anne B. Woods


The purpose of this literature review is to discover the effect that a mentor relationship can have on novice pre-licensed undergraduate nursing students and provide recommendations for future mentor programs. The studies reviewed had to meet specific criteria including: found in scholarly peer reviewed journals, original research studies or systematic reviews, and current literature, completed within or near five years. There were ten pieces of evidence reviewed which included one randomized-controlled trial, four quasi-experimental studies, four qualitative studies and one integrative review. Participants in the primary studies included undergraduate nursing students (mentees) and the mentors which were the more experienced nursing students or graduate nursing students. The pieces of evidence were analyzed and critiqued and given both a level and quality rating. There were three major themes that emerged from the evidence. The first theme that emerged was peer mentoring having a considerable decrease in stress and anxiety and an increase in self-efficacy for mentee nursing students. The second theme was the improvement in academic and clinical performance of undergraduate mentee students enrolled in a mentor program and the role of mentors as role models. The last theme that surfaced was the need for both the mentor and mentee to be better organized, encouraged and supported in their roles within the mentorship program. This literature review provided evidence that can be used to promote and grow mentorship programs within nursing school facilities. Further research is needed to investigate how to best implement mentor programs into an undergraduate nursing program.


This is an evidence-based practice capstone project submitted to the faculty of the graduate program in nursing in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree Master of Science in Nursing.