Documentary Evidence of Anglo-German Currency Movement in the Central Middle Ages: Cologne and English Sterling
COLOGNE' S medieval municipal records contain extensive documentation on many expatriate English merchants and their families who dwelt there, even from a very early date in the twelfth century, and who cultivated highly developed and close-knit social and economic relations with the Germans of the city.' Continuing research in the urban records of Cologne has further confirmed the fact that Anglo-German interregional contact was as highly developed by the late twelfth century as those between England and France. This was especially so in regard to economic ties, but it was also true in the areas of religious, intellectual, social, and political intercourse. Here we shall consider additional findings of vital interregional ties between the English and German kingdoms in the area of currency exchange
Huffman, Joseph P., "Documentary Evidence of Anglo-German Currency Movement in the Central Middle Ages: Cologne and English Sterling" (1995). History Educator Scholarship. 47.