Download Full Text (1.2 MB)


Trans World Radio (TWR) is a mission organization focused on broadcasting the Gospel around the world. TWR now serves 190 countries by transmitting in 275 languages, using radio to deliver the message to as many people as possible. The organization’s West Africa Transmitter Site in Benin currently has accessibility problems due to high streamflows and saturated ground conditions during the rainy season. The site also needs a secure perimeter to reduce trespassing and theft.

To address these issues, our client, Garth Kennedy, Director of the West Africa Transmitter Station, has asked the team to design two culverts, one at the upstream property boundary and one at the downstream boundary. Culverts are advantageous for this scenario because they can act as a bridge, while the pipe size can be restricted to inhibit trespassing. Once the culverts are built, the fence and perimeter road can be extended over them.

For both sides of the property, the team has designed a series of U-shaped, pre-cast concrete box culverts. The team calculated the design flows based on rainfall data and the topography of the site to determine the size and number of box sections. The team has also designed the culverts and the supporting concrete structures to bear the load of vehicles and the machinery on site. TWR plans to construct the pre-cast culverts on-site, and then build the supporting structures and install the culverts during their dry season.

Publication Date

Spring 2021


Messiah University, Messiah College, Engineer, community, service




The work presented in this document has been provided solely for educational and edification purposes. All materials are composed by students of Messiah University and are not certified by any means. They do not constitute professional consultation and require the examination and evaluation by a certified engineer through any product development process. The contents documented are the produced work by the student design team but do not necessarily represent the as-built or as-assembled state of a complete and tested design; faculty, staff, and other professionals involved in our program may have augmented the student engineering work during implementation, which may not be recorded within this document.

Messiah University, the Collaboratory, nor any party related to the composition of this document, shall be liable for any indirect, incidental, special, consequential, or punitive damages, or any loss of profits or revenues, whether incurred directly or indirectly, or other intangible losses, resulting from your access to or use of the provided material; any content obtained from the provided material, or alteration of its content.

Trans World Radio - Culvert Design

Included in

Engineering Commons