Date of Award

Spring 2022

Document Type

Project Open Access


Adhesive capsulitis, also known as frozen shoulder, is defined by the restriction of active and passive glenohumeral motion in all planes that is also accompanied by shoulder pain. It is most common in women between the ages of 40-60 and presents as symptoms of pain and decreased shoulder range of motion which progressively worsen over time. With the lack of knowledge by researchers regarding the etiology of adhesive capsulitis, it raises many unanswered questions including, "Which treatment approach is best?” Different treatment approaches for this condition may include local anesthetics, nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), oral steroids, steroid injections, arthroscopic surgery, suprascapular nerve block, mobilization under anesthesia, and physical therapy. This poster outlines the research associated with determining the effectiveness of two different interventions used together: corticosteroid injections and glenohumeral joint manipulations in physical therapy.


This project was part of the Doctor of Physical Therapy program at Messiah University, Mechanicsburg, PA.