© 2013 Taylor & Francis. The most important contemporary challenge to theism in the Western world is naturalism. In this chapter, I first consider theism and then naturalism, mostly focusing on the challenges raised to each position. Finally, in the third section, I offer a middle way between the two extremes that arguably captures much of what theists care about.
Collins, Robin, "Naturalism" (2012). Philosphy Educator Scholarship. 18.