A LYSO crystal array readout by silicon photomultipliers as compact detector for space applications

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© 2017 Elsevier B.V. Precise measurements of GeV range gamma rays help narrow down among various gamma emission models and increase sensitivity for dark matter searches. Construction of precise as well as compact instruments requires detectors with high efficiency, high stopping power, excellent energy resolution, and excellent angular resolution. Fast and bright crystal scintillators coupled with small footprint photo-detectors are suitable candidates. We prototyped a detector array consisting of four LYSO crystals where each crystal is read out by a 2x2 SensL ArrayJ60035 silicon photomultipliers. The LYSO crystals were chosen because of their good light yield, fast decay time, demonstrated radiation hardness, and small radiation length. We used the silicon photomultiplier arrays as photo-detectors because of their small size, simple readout, low voltage operation, and immunity to magnetic fields. We studied the detector performance in the energy range of interest by exposing it to 2–16 GeV particles produced at the Test Beam Facility of Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory.

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