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The purpose of this research was to explore Mennonite involvement in prison ministry and reform in Pennsylvania. Historically, Mennonites have emphasized church-state separation, creating their own organizations for social change rather than becoming involved in existing government institutions. This is true with hospitals, schools, and ministries around the globe. But very little research exists on Mennonite involvement in the United States prison system. Based on the other aforementioned areas, it seems logical to assume Mennonites are not active in politically reforming correctional facilities; but they would minister to prisoners and their families, seeking whole and healthy communities. Is that assumption true? To the extent it is false, why is the reality different than expected?