Date of Award


Document Type



Computing, Mathematics and Physics

First Advisor

Dr. Angela Hare


A broad look at the 2003 results of the Trends in International Mathematics & Science Study (TIMSS) shows that American students are behind many of their international peers in terms of their mathematics performance on standardized tests. If one looks more closely at the data, it becomes clear that American students struggle most in the area of measurement. According to the U.S. Department of Education, eighth-grade students in the United States answered an average of 42% of measurement questions correctly on the most recent (2003) TIMSS exam. This is much lower than the average score of the highest performing countries, Singapore and Hong Kong (74% and 66% average, respectively) and disturbingly close to the lowest score of 38% (Latvia).