Date of Award


Document Type



Biological Sciences


Bd, a virulent chytrid fungus responsible for dramatic amphibian decline, has been detected in the northwestern and southeastern regions of Pennsylvania. However, little environmental Bd testing has been performed in central Pennsylvania, particularly in the unique and speciose habitats of woodland vernal pools. Our study included sampling in five vernal pools over a period of two months during amphibian breeding periods. Skin swabs were taken from three caudate and two anuran species, during the course of late winter and spring migrations. Low Bd was detected although in low quantities, in four of the five species and in four of the five vernal pools sampled. No significant trends were seen between environmental data and zoospore load