Date of Award


Document Type



Biblical, Religious and Philosophical Studies

First Advisor

Stephen L. Bloom J.D.


Many Americans have been alarmed to hear about instances of the denial of certain religious freedoms to Christians, whether it is the disallowance of public prayer or the legal relegation of certain aspects of the Christian message to the category of “hate speech”. Christians stand accused of being bigoted, dangerous, unintelligent, and uninformed. Recent attacks through court actions and policies seeking to restrict or even punish Christians for exercising their traditionally protected liberties appear to be increasing in frequency and severity, often requiring Christians to take defensive legal measures of their own. The news is filled with stories of the intensifying conflict, and Christians are becoming acutely aware of the legal risks they face in simply practicing and expressing their faith in the midst of an ever more hostile and intolerant American society.