Rethinking the Grammar of the Atonement: Forgiveness, Judgment, and Apocalyptic Recapitulation
This essay offers a constructive proposal holding together two classical atonement motifs too often pried apart: the cross as deliverance from enslaving powers and as (non-penal) sacrifice through which Christ bears our sins. These themes are held together by situating atonement theology within a broader apocalyptic soteriology. Martin Luther King, Jr.’s lived theology, which embodied a “grammar of atonement” to be found in patterns of enemy love, judgment, truth-telling, accountability, and resistance to evil, all of which were ordered toward the ends of justice and reconciliation, will offer a lens for appropriating scripture and insights from both Irenaeus and Anselm.
Crane, Richard, "Rethinking the Grammar of the Atonement: Forgiveness, Judgment, and Apocalyptic Recapitulation" (2019). Bible & Religion Educator Scholarship. 59.