Title

Modulatory Potential of Iron Chelation Therapy on Nitric Oxide Formation in Cerebral Malaria

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1997

Abstract

To determine whether iron chelation modulates nitric oxide (NO) formation and cell-mediated immune effector function in children with cerebral malaria, serum concentrations were measured of the stable end products of NO, nitrite and nitrate (NO2/NO3), interleukin (IL)-4, -6, and -10, and neopterin in 39 Zambian children enrolled in a placebo-controlled trial of desferrioxamine B and quinine therapy. Mean concentrations of NO2/NO3 increased significantly over 3 days in children receiving desferrioxamine plus quinine but not in those given placebo and quinine. Neopterin levels declined significantly with placebo but not with desferrioxamine. IL-4 levels increased progressively in the placebo group and ultimately decreased in the desferrioxamine group, but the trends were not statistically significant. IL-6 and IL-10 levels were elevated initially and decreased significantly in both groups over 3 days. These data are consistent with the hypothesis that iron chelation therapy in children with cerebral malaria strengthens Th1-mediated immune effector function involving increased production of NO.

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