There is little evidence on the impact of malaria control on the health system, particularly at the facility level. Using retrospective, longitudinal facility-level and patient record data from two hospitals in Zambia, we report a pre-post comparison of hospital admissions and outpatient visits for malaria and estimated costs incurred for malaria admissions before and after malaria control scale-up. The results show a substantial reduction in inpatient admissions and outpatient visits for malaria at both hospitals after the scale-up, and malaria cases accounted for a smaller proportion of total hospital visits over time. Hospital spending on malaria admissions also decreased. In one hospital, malaria accounted for 11% of total hospital spending before large-scale malaria control compared with < 1% after malaria control. The findings demonstrate that facility-level resources are freed up as malaria is controlled, potentially making these resources available for other diseases and conditions.
Comfort, A. B.; van Dijk, J. H.; Thuma, Philip; Mharakurwa, S.; Gabert, R.; Korde, S.; Stillman, K.; Nachbar, N.; Derriennic, Y.; Musau, S.; Hamazakaza, P.; Zyambo, K. D.; Zyongwe, N. M.; and Hamainza, B., "Hospitalizations and Costs Incurred at the Facility Level After Scale-Up of Malaria Control: Pre-Post Comparisons From Two Hospitals in Zambia" (2014). Biology Educator Scholarship. 176.